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Jaigarh Fort

Jaigarh Fort
View from Jaigarh Fort

The Spectacular Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur is beautifully designed and speaks in volume about the Indian historic culture. The Fort is also referred as the "Fort of Victory" in ancient India. The ancient Fort was built in between 15th and 18th century. Rampart construction of the building can be viewed from the Jaipur town.

History of Jaigarh Fort

Jaigarh Fort situated in North of Jaipur is built in 1726 AD and later on after its renovation by Maharaja Jai Singh II it was given the name Jaigarh Fort. The Fort was built as a residential place for king, but later now it was used as a safe storage place for storing weapons used in wars. During medieval time, Jaipur being the major weapon producing centre where Forts are used for the storage of weapons. Those weapons are still available on display in Fort museum.

Architecture of Jaigarh Fort

It is considered one of the prominent military structure set up during medieval India enclosed with a granary, several temples, palaces, a tall tower, cannon foundry, and the Jain Bain (Jaivan), largest cannon in the world. It is intact from various battlements surrounding the fort area. It is much similar to Amer Fort also known as “Amber Fort”. It encloses a large volume of area where weapons can be stored arms, ammunition and other important requirements during war.

The magnificent interior predicts the city culture and tradition in its architect design. The entire architect at the fort depicts the city affluent culture, which is designed by Vidyadhar, an architect. It is one of the biggest forts constructed in Rajasthan.

The Fort is situated on top of Aravalli hill and was never captured. At this altitude a panoramic view of Jaipur city looks very beautiful. Jaigarh Fort is located 400 meters up to the Amber Fort. It is 3km in length and 1 km in width. The Fort is beautifully made with the red sandstone covering the exterior while interior is designed like a square garden at the centre of Fort. Among the three entrances to the fort the main entrance called as “Doongar Gate” was constructed in 1942 by ‘Maharaja Sawai Man Singh-II'. The Awani Gate was built to connect the Amber and Jaigarh Fort. Sagari Gate was the original entrance created from Sagari side of the fort, but the gate is not in use presently.

The Jaigarh Fort Jaipur encloses various other structures such as Temples, Water Reservoirs, Museums, Entertainment areas, Cannon Foundry, Residencial Palaces, watch towers, gardens and so on. At the entrance from Doongar Gate, three water tanks are built to serve day to day water requirement of soldiers. The largest tank among the three tanks is one 158x138x40 ft long. The largest tank is fully covered with to prevent water from any type of impurities, dust and evaporation. The roof of the tank is made with 18 pillars supporting the largest tank.

Jaigarh Fort
The fort walls of Jaigarh

The Fort is also built with a second tank, which is associated with an interesting story and fact behind is attached. An interesting story is also associated with a second tank built in the fort. The roof of the fort has nine holes and behind each hole there is a room which was used to store the huge among of treasure. It is believed that Jaigarh fort had a huge amount of treasure hidden inside it. It is said that after winning battle against Kabul and frontier area, the acquired treasure were kept inside the tank safely.

Locals and government agencies tried to find the hidden treasure, but they didn't get anything. The hidden treasure story is also associated with the former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. It is said that in 1970, during her tenure, her relations with Gayatri Devi, Queen of Jaipur and Rajmata of the royal family. Rajmata was imprisoned at the Time of Emergency and an income tax raid was conducted on Royal family. During that raid an old document mentioning the existence of huge treasure and location of hidden treasure was found.

This old document is believed to be made during the governance of Sawai Jai Singh's. As Indira Gandhi heard about the existence of large wealth inside the fort, she send her officials to find out the treasure. During this period for two days, any road leading to the fort were closed to prevent the entrance into the fort and it is said that she had taken all the treasure within these two days. It's just a belief, as nobody knows the fact about the hidden treasure. It is also said and published in a book that the then prime minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto has also demanded Indira Gandhi to share the treasure with Pakistan, but she refused by telling him that nothing was found in the fort.

The third water tank is 61x52x27ft in dimension and is located in the southern courtyard of the monument. From Southern Courtyard an entrance opens into ‘Jaleb Chowk'. The Southern courtyard is in front to the palace complex and has Museum Gallery and offices on either side. In the palace complex at the left corner of Jaleb Chowk there is a temple of God Shiv and Vishnu named “Ram Harihar”. The temple was made in 13th century where images of God are incarved in marbel. Another Temple located at the left corner of Jaleb Chowk is the temple of Bhairav, which signifies the angry form of Shiva. Bhairav is worshiped here as a guardian of society. The idol of Bhairav is made in black color with eight hands holding weapons on each one of them.

North side of the Jaigarh Fort has a huge establishment called as Palace Complex which shows the wealth and power of Rulers of Amber. The palace complex has well separated areas according to the mood, occasion and weather and well decorates and designed respective of the architectural designs and taste with carved pillars and canopies.

Jaigarh Fort
Main gates of the fort

While entering Fort from Jaleb Chowk towards northern side, Subhat Niwas is the first palace in the entire Palace Complex complex. Subhat Niwas was used by the King to address his army. The Subhat Niwas is 69x34ft long in dimension and is used to discuss strategies, plans, order soldier to keep the task. The hall is nowadays open for visitors to explore more about the king and his soldier's ways of discussion. Some of the main attractions at the hall are Elephant Seat, Big war drums.

A beautiful establishment has been built in the fort to enjoy the cool and fresh air in the month of summer. Lalit Mandir is built especially to enjoy the cool and fresh air during summer season. It is a two storied building with upper storey is a bedroom, which is attached with a balcony. The bedroom is made from a stone Jharokha Screens with Jali work to allow the fresh and cool breeze enter into the room. A beautiful view of Sagar Lake can be seen from the balcony of Lalit Mandir.

For entertainment purpose a double storied auditorium is made where one can spend leisure time and can even enjoy puppet show, dances, music, and many other sources of entertainment were present there. For the ladies of royal family there was a special arrangement for their get-together , Vilas Mandir built in 17th century is used for the Royal family members get-together. Vilas Mandir is also designed Jharoka screens with Jali works. Inner hall of Vilas Mandir is designed with ‘Araish work'. In the 16th century Aram Mandir was built for the relaxation of the royal family member to spend relaxing time inside the fort, it is also called as Garden House. Just below the Aram Mandir, Royal garden is built, which is beautifully decorated with the plants and stones and gives a greenery look of the garden when seen from a distant place.

From the balcony of Jaigarh a panoramic view of Amer looks very different and beautiful. Palace complex exits at the Jaleb Chowk is the destination at the right corner, where there is an entrance to cannon foundry. The cannon placed in the foundry was built in 1691 and was used during wartime named as ‘Bajrangvana'. The Canon is driven by 32 Oxen, the cannon consist of iron sleeves inside the barrel which makes it heavier and provide more resistance to barrel. The cannon is also decorated with two dolphins on it.

Jaigarh Fort
Amer fort, as seen from the walls of Jaigarh Fort

Surya Mandir built in 11th century is now used a small museum where tools of cannon foundry and blacksmith of old times are kept on display for visitors. It consists of seven verandas along with rooms interior of it and after its construction it was renovated many times. Other tools kept on display are mould for casting cannon, which is kept safely in the furnace and drilling complex of Canon foundry.

Cannon foundry exit at the Jaleb Chowk and enters into the south west block . There is a huge wide gate constructed for the entrance into the South west block. As entering into the south west block of Jaigarh Fort small castle called as Vijay Garhi is there, which is used for the storage of armory and is also used presently for the same purpose.

Now coming to the highest point in Jaigarh Fort that is Diya Burj also called as Watch Tower, it is seven storey high and is especially used for water storage and collection. Jaipur flag flies at this position and on each birthday of Maharaja, an oil lamp is lit on his remembrance. Animals like Macaque Monkeys and Langur Monkeys are seen here residing on the top of Fort. This place is also called as Nathawaton Ka Tanka.

Attractions at Jaigarh Fort

The main attraction at Jaigarh Fort is the ‘Canon on Wheel', Jain Ban (Jaivan). It is the largest cannon in the world which rest on four wheeled carriage with 9ft high front wheels and 4.6ft high rear wheels. The cannon was built in 1720 and is not used till yet, it was only once tested during which nine people were killed along with the gunner due to the shockwave of fire, and many houses collapsed in Jaipur. When the cannon ball was fired it landed in Chaksu, 40 km away from the fired place, where a pond was formed deepens into the surface.

Jaivan barrel weights 50 tons and is 20.2ft long. The circumference measures 7.4ft at tip and at rear is 9.4ft. the barrel rests on 24ft long shaft. The heavy barrel is beautifully decorated with a pair of duck at the rear, pair of peacock in the centre and elephants at the top of the barrel along with floral design carved superficially over the barrel. For each fire cannon need 1ookg gunpowder along with 50kg cannon ball. In 1621- 1667 Mirza Raja Jai Singh constructed Lakshmi Vilas which was also used for the other ceremonial occasions. The floor of the Vilas is beautifully made with Araish work and wall look extremely bright and graceful. Laxmi Vila is connected to different parts of the palace complex through a long dark passageway.

The Palace dining area is divided into two halls one for king and another for queen along with an open courtyard. King and Queen have separate dining hall where they have their meal along with their officials.

The Jaigarh Fort Jaipur connects to the Amber Fort by subterranean passages made between them. The Jaigarh Fort was built to protect the Amber Fort. The forts constructed with red sandstone are built looks beautiful when seen from the town. It is 602m above sea level.

Adjacent to Awni gate there is a museum built where Jaipur culture is preserved in the form of stamps, circular pack of cards, picture of kings and queens and other members of royal family. A spittoon used in 15th century and hand-made plans were present in museum kept safely with it.

It is the highest Fort in Jaipur perched on the ‘Cheel ka teela'. Attached to Jaigarh Fort various other location like Amer Fort, Aravalli hill and Vijay Garh are the important tourist attraction in Jaipur. The architecture of Jaigarh depict Jaipur culture and it's wide enclosed area tells us about the Indian prosperity and wealth during Mughal empire. It has a very interesting history attached to it. The Fort is located 15 km away from Jaipur city and opens into a Dungar Darwaza presents at the Delhi-Jaipur highway which leads to another important Fort that is Nahargarh Fort.

In the armoury chamber of Fort a large number of tools and weapons are kept on display for tourist these weapons are swords, shields, guns, muskets and also a 50 kilograms (110 lb) cannon ball. These weapons are the greatest tourist attraction in Jaipur. Along with the weapons, pictures of Maharaja ruled at the fort are also kept on display to depict the fort history and about its king over a long period of time.

The Fort can be visited any-day as it open for all seven days and cost only rupees 20 for foreigners and Rs. 10 for Indian visitors.

The Fort is also surrounded by numerous luxurious hotels where one can stay and enjoy the view of the place from a comfortable residence. These hotels are specially made for tourists coming to the beautiful Pink city, Jaipur to explore the historic monuments and beauty lies in these places

Hotels Near Jaigarh Fort

These hotels are known for their unbeatable surrounding locations and tourist-friendly amenities at the most affordable prices with a variety of luxury rooms customized to meet your unique needs and requirements within the reach of your budget. For visitors some of the best hotels located to nearby location are Raghuraj Palace hotel, Golden hotel, Cambay spa&resort, Umaid Bhawan hotel, Hotel Mohan, Aditya International Hotel, Vijay Niwas Hotel and many others. Among the major palaces in Jaipur like Amer Fort, Hawa Mahal, and Jal Mahal, Jaigarh Fort is the highest Fort built in history and, which is never ever conquered by intruders. In Jaigarh Fort, Jaivan has been voted by visitors as the best tourist attraction in Fort. The heaviest and biggest cannon is an example of amazing architect and reflects the power of Indians in the world.

Indian tourism industry draws a considerable amount of wealth. Indian cities are spread with a number of tourist attractions which reflect the unending nature beauty present in India. There are 406 tourist attractions in Rajasthan and 10690 tourist attractions in India. It not only attracts domestic tourist, but international tourist as well. With the growing years count of visitors in Jaipur is growing with faster pace. Among the tourist place in Jaipur, forts are the majorly visited tourist spot and especially the highest Fort that is Jaigarh Fort Jaipur contributes a high amount of revenue to Indian tourism industry.

Foreign tourist coming to Jaigarh get crazy about the Rajasthan handicrafts which are about 90 years old. Indian architecture at Jaigarh is at its best, which is the main reason for the attraction of foreign tourist. The architect incorporated in the walls of fort speaks about our rich ancient culture and tradition. In the Pink City of Rajasthan, it is a precious gem that has to be preserved to strengthen our culture and ancient history. And the huge treasure embedded in the fort tells about the glory and wealth of India.

The driving force behind tourist attraction is the enormous beauty, culture and history that reflect from these monuments. These are the evidence of Indian historic culture practiced in Rajasthan. The things related to those days were well preserved here which people always like to see in real, the military structure, day to day used things, pictures are safely present in these Forts adds to the beauty of monument. Hence, the Jaigarh Fort has a great historical significance. Jaigarh Fort Jaipur has various features that worth to see which includes Dungwar Darwaza (Main Entrance gate), puppet show, loopholes, water tank and many more. Jaigarh Fort requires minimum of two hours to explore each corner of Fort. It is the best place to explore the rich tradition of culture of Rajasthan.

The best time to visit the fort is between October and March. During this period, in Rajasthan sun light is quite pleasant & less intense and considered the best season for sightseeing. All modes of communication are available in Jaipur, either by air, road, rail or local transportation. Visiting hours are from 9:00 a.m to 4:30 p.m every day.

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