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Geography of Jaipur

Jaipur, the “Pink City of India” is located in the eastern side of Rajasthan and it is surrounded by Aravalli Hill at its three sides. City wise Alwar and Sikar are two cities located at it northern side, Ajmer, Nagaur, and Sikar are situated at west, Ajmer, Sawai Madhopur, Tonk at the southern side and Dausa and Bharatpur at the East side of Jaipur. Jaipur is located at the average height of 1417 ft from sea base, and geographical position wise it is located at 26°55'N 75°49'E (26.92°N 75.82°E).

Geography of Jaipur
Monsoon clouds curling over Jaipur

Demography of Jaipur

Founded and decorated by the Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, Jaipur is an out an out planned city. All its roads and by lanes are formed in a grid pattern, and that makes the orientation absolutely easy. While the old part of the city is a cluster of historical spots, the new extension is facilitated with all items of urbanization like stunning shopping malls, food courts, branded restaurants, and multiplexes. There are three interconnecting road in this new extended portion and these are Sansar Chandra Marg, Mirza Ismail road (MI road), and Station Road. Most of the good hotels in Jaipur as well as the railway stations are located nearby to these roads, which is a big advantage of Jaipur transportation. Jaipur is one of the largest states of the country that has the international border-line with Pakistan on its west side.

The entire length of Jaipur ranging from east toward west is around 180 km while the breadth from north toward south is around 110 km. Jaipur possess around 28.65 million cubic meter ground water resources for use. Ramgarh dam on the River Ban Ganga is the prime source of drinking water. The major minerals available in Jaipur and its neighborhood are copper, iron, white marble, dolomite, glass and silicon. Sambhar Lake is one of the biggest natural lakes of saline water in India and is located at close proximity to Jaipur. The lake serves as one of the authentic sources of good quality salt that is used in the whole country.

Geography of Jaipur

The city is recognized midst pre-modern cities in India for the breadth and symmetry of the streets which are found segregated into six subdivisions divided by broad streets of a consistent width of 34m. These sectors are titled as “urban quarters” and each of these quarters is further divided by a planned and well defined network of interrelating streets. Around the eastern, western, and southern sides of the city at the central Palace quarter, rest five urban quarters get enclosed with the sixth one to the east. This Palace quarter presents an extensive palace complex comprising of Hawa Mahal, beautiful shahi-gardens, and a small but beautiful natural lake. The Aravali hill located at the northwestern end of Jaipur and the famous Nahargarh Fort is located on the hill as its crowning glory.

From the aspect of communication Jaipur is well connected. Various means of transport works here with great central coordination. Jaipur is 258 km away from Delhi, 350 km away from Gwalior, 405 km away from Udaipur, and 232 km away from the city of Agra. The city is well connected with other major parts of country by rail, road and air consistently.

Rivers in Jaipur

Multiple rivers are found passing through Jaipur and these are Banganga, Dhund, Bandi, Moral, Sabi, Sakha, Dai, and Masi. Amongst all these rivers Sabi River is found passing by multiple municipalities like Mansu, Mandawar, Bahrod, Kishangarh and Tihara. Originated from Aravali Hill Jaipur, it is rain-fed river and ultimately it has mingled in the River Yamuna near Delhi.

Banganga River is one of the major rivers of Jaipur Rivers and it is originated from the Aravalli Hill. The total length of this river is 380km. The places where from the river has passed by are Modhapur, Bharatpur and Fatehabad, and ultimately the river has confluence in the River Yamuna. The dam built on the River Banganga in Jaipur supplies major volume of drinking water for Jaipur residents as wellas for the people residing at close neighborhood of Jaipur city. Ramgarh project is another irrigation development scheme on the river Banganga with national importance; however, there are ten medium sized and seventy seven minor irrigation projects are built and maintained on this Jaipur River.

The river Banganga has its multiple tributary rivers like Gumti Nala, and Suri rivers on the right side banks and Palasan and Sanwan rivers are on the left bank. The river has covered total 123 km and ultimately gets fused into river Gambhir.

Jaipur Climate

The detail description of Jaipur climate is an easy way to understand the feel of the city in accordance to its geography. Because of the existence of Thor desert in the state general climate of Jaipur is found hot and humid to a large extent all though the year. In Jaipur climate three seasons’ impact are mostly found and these are summer, winter, and monsoon. In Jaipur summer season is hot no doubt and temperature rises up to 45 degree Celsius at time. Summer season persists between April and July and during this time Jaipur experienced semi-arid weather around with high level of humidity. 

Monsoon starts in Jaipur from July month and extends up to September month. The city enjoys moderate rainfall that around 650 mm rainfall/yearly. In July Jaipur gets clad with lots of dust and frequent occurrence of thunderstorms. However post monsoon during the month of September, days start growing warm and to some extent humid again.

Geography of Jaipur
Women taking a stroll after fresh rainfall in Jaipur

The city of Jaipur observes winter between the latest part of October month and till the middle of March. During this time the temperature ranges between 15 degree Celsius and 5 degree Celsius. The people of Jaipur do not feel any trace of humidity during this period however, dense fog is found during early morning and early evening at daily course all around the city. However winter is the best time to visit this pink city

Population of Jaipur

The present population of the city of Jaipur is 32, 60, 516, as per Census of India. The current sex ratio of this city stands as 995 females against per 1000 males.  It is calculated that city population is being increased at the rate of 3% per year.

The growth of population in the city of Jaipur has been increased more than 15 times during last 50 years. During 1990 the population of this city was around 160,000; according to the census conducted by Jaipur municipality the population reached on 2001 at 24, 23,475. In terms of population composition although majority of community is from by Hindus, also a good number of Muslims and Jains reside in this city as a part of population.

Facts about Jaipur

The city was found by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh and after his name the city was names as Jaipur. The foundation of city started from the year 1727 and was completed in 8 years. The entire town was constructed according to “Shilpa Shastra”, an exclusive stream of Indian Architecture. The chief architect of this city was from Bengal, his name was Vidyadhar Bhattacharaya.  It is believed that while drawing the plan for Jaipur city Indian Vastu Shastra was also fused here for prosperity and well being of the city and its residents.

Each street and market of Jaipur is directed from either north to south or east to west.
  • The city is identified as the largest exporter of gold, gem -stone and diamond jewelry in Asia Pacific region.
  • Jaipur has bagged the honor to become the only city in this globe for finishing blue diamond (Tanzanite).
  • Jaipur was originally known as 'Jainagara'.The city of Jaipur is protected by high walls and its entire road plans are divided into nine sectors; it symbolizes nine segments of universe exactly like Indian Horoscope.
  • The city is called Pink city because once Maharaja Jai Singh painted all the walls of this city into pink color. It is anticipated that this change was done to welcome Prince Edward VII for his Jaipur visit in 1876, as the pink color was the symbol of traditional hospitality.
  • Geographic location: 26.9°N 75.8°E: situated at the north-east side of Rajasthan.
  • Most popular languages: Rajasthani, Hindi, English.
  • Total area: 11117.8
  • Pincode: 3020xx
  • STD Code: 0141
  • Time Zone: GMT +5:30 (GMT +0 daylight savings time); Central European Time (CET)
  • Best time to visit: Between October and March months.
  • Airport: Jaipur's Sanganer Airport, Airport code: JAI, is about 14 km south of town.
  • Famous for: History and heritage.
  • In 2008, Jaipur was ranked as the 7th best place to visit in Asia by the Conde Nast Traveller Readers Choice Survey.
  • Jantar Mantar or “Calculation Instrument“, as the name indicates, Jantar Mantar consists of many unique buildings with a specialized function for astronomical calculations and now it is opened as a museum.
  • Jaipur is acknowledged as the Paris of India and it ranks 4th in the list of most visited cities in India in aspect of tourism.
  • The nearest airport is the Sanganer Airport.